Gnucal linear solver is implemented in file m_matrix.h - that is C++ template.

Most things are depicted in very extensive comments to this file. Some things which are discovered and are listed here.

Solver has an issue if diagonal element is zero. lets consider system:

| eps -1| | -1 | | | *X = | | | 10 -10| | 0 |

if eps =0 or close to 0 (like 1.e-20 or so) current solver gives wrong answer of {1,0}.

having eps=1.e-6 answer id ok = {1,1}

This may be explained that during LU decomposition with no permutations with very small eps some values may grow higher 1/machine_eps and mask significant digits.

Practical advice: Do not use .options gmin smaller than 1.e-6 .. 1.e-8 unless you know what you do. With current solver in my distort results .

Note - spice circuit which creates this system:

* circuit - close to Rozenbrok .options nobypass .options gmin = 1.e-6 * i1 = 10 *( v2 - v1^2) * i2 = 1 - v1 * I1 1 0 dc 0 G11 1 0 1 0 -10 G11 1 0 2 0 10 G21 2 0 1 0 -1 I2 2 0 dc 1 .print op v(1) v(2) i(I1) i(I2) .op .end